reported speech tense chart

Click here for a list of all the reported speech exercises. REPORTED SPEECH A) Introduction Reported or indirect speech occurs when you tell somebody else what you or another person said before. Don't confuse time with tense. She said she had seen Mary the day before. present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." will) into “would” Future Progressive Tense (e.g. We will discuss all the three tenses and the types of Tenses in English grammar.First of all check the Tense Chart in English Grammar. Note (1) There is no comma after said. 2. RS: He said he had written Jean a letter. Indirect Speech: Tom said that the meat smelled bad. In Spanish “ que ” is compulsory: Dijo que trabajaba duro. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Providing them with a reference chart like the one below will also help! Reported speech. (2) The verb like, which Malcolm used in the present simple tense, has been changed to past simple tense. Remember to back it up! This chart will tell you how to do it: What Are Tenses in English Grammar: Tenses expresses time reference with reference to the moment of Speaking.In English Grammar, Tenses have 3 main forms, The Present Tense, The Past Tense, and Future Tense. 1. In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. Reported Speech - Tense Chart Basic Tense Chart. She said Moo is living there with them. Although the past tense is most often used in indirect speech, you can also use other verb tenses. The general rule for tenses in reported speech is that it changes to the past tense. / He says that he worked hard. INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH TENSE CHANGE LIST. You’re absolutely right, one sentence is direct speech and one sentence is reported speech. Exception: A present tense in direct speech may not become a past tense in the reported speech if it’s a fact or something generic we are talking about in the sentence. This is called backshifting. had to is also possible in reported speech, but this is really the past of have to, not must. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The exercise is solved with answers at the end. These are called 'reporting verbs'. past continuous He said he was having lunch with his parents. Study and understand following direct and indirect speech Mcqs exercise for sequence of tenses. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". When we report a speech we must change the tense of the original sentence. Reported speech: She asked me if I ... Verb Changes . Direct John: 'I am going.' DIRECT QUOTE: INDIRECT (REPORTED) SPEECH: SIMPLE PRESENT changes to SIMPLE PAST "I work at Toyota." "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). Reporting verb + infinitive. Past … This lesson will focus on reported speech, or you can call it "indirect speech." Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn’t have to be word for word. tenses and modals direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." Here are some of the important verb changes we use when making reported speech: am becomes was. Oct 9, 2019 - Reported speech tenses may differ from the tense of the direct speech. Reported Questions. When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. So now you have no problem with making reported speech from positive and negative sentences. Session Grammar. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. 2.1.1. He said he didn't work at Honda. REPORTED SPEECH: OTHER POINTS A. Click here for a mixed tense exercise about practise reported statements. We use reported speech to retell what someone told us earlier. The general rule for tenses in reported speech is that it changes to the past tense. In direct speech the present tense is used. 2. past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." Changing direct speech to reported (indirect) speech can be difficult because of the verb tense changes required. It is also called reported speech. He said (that) he likes coffee. Most of the verb tense changes from direct to reported speech involve a move backward into the past. Jan 6, 2020 - Reported speech tenses may differ from the tense of the direct speech. There are some major rules to change these speeches from direct to indirect. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." 1) Use 1.1. He said, “I have to go. Usually, it is used in spoken language. Just a summary of structures used in the reported speech. He said he worked at Toyota. That’s why when we remake direct speech into reported we need to go one tense back. Noun Clauses/Reported Speech (Indirect Speech) Tense Harmony or Sequencing (except for a few exceptions*, the following changes are made when reporting quoted speech) Quoted speech: Later reporting : present tense verb: simple past: present continuous: past continuous: present perfect. Reported speech: She said (that) the sky is/was blue. Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. He said (that) he liked coffee. Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense Past Progressive Tense into Perfect Continuous Tense Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged) Past Perfect Progressive Tense (The tense remains unchanged) Future Simple Tense (e.g. The general rule for tenses in reported speech is that it changes to the past tense. 2) Tense Changes 2.1. REPORTED SPEECH TENSE CONVERSION RULES Direct Speech Reported Speech “I want a holiday” (Present Simple) She told me she wanted a holiday (Past Simple) “Bob is annoying me” (Present Continuous) Jane said Bob was annoying her (Past Continuous) “I have eaten too much” (Present Perfect) He said he had eaten too much (Past Perfect) “The class has been interesting” (Present … Grammar explanation. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Reported Speech / Indirect Speech . He said that he plays cricket everyday. MUST: after a past reporting verb, must does not usually change: He said, “It must be pretty late, I really must go”. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE changes to PAST … -> She said she knew him.. 2) Present continuous -> past continuous 1.1.1. past simple He said he was a teacher: present continuous I'm having lunch with my parents. "I'm not a salesman." He said he was a manager. changing to the past tense to make reported speech. It is more common to use reported speech Let's look at the same example again. He said, “I play cricket everyday” He said that he played cricket everyday. Just a hint for our students when they have to face it. Learn the basics of how to do this in a quick and easy grammar lesson. Reported Speech Reported Statements When do we use reported speech? Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. Here's a set of flashcards to present reported speech structures in ESL classes. Present continuous to past continuous tense: Direct speech… let’s have a glance at the following rules: 1. He said he wasn't a salesman. Reported Speech by Ingles 7 1. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Direct and indirect speech is used in French to talk about what someone's said. Reported speech - English Grammar Today - una guida di riferimento alla grammatica e all'uso dell'inglese parlato e scritto - Cambridge Dictionary 1) Present simple -> past simple "I know you." Present simple in the DS: She said, "It's cold." = She said that she was tired. Direct and Indirect Speech With Examples and Detailed Explanations Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. She said Moo was living there with them. We’ve got common tips and tricks to help your English language learners remember how to use reported speech. Reported speech: She said that the sun rises/rose from the East. She said, “I will enjoy you company” She said that ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Sequence of Tenses One thing to remember: Move the tense back! Notice that in English “that” is optional in reported speech: He says he worked hard. present simple I'm a teacher. Reported speech: He said he worked hard. We use Reported Speech(RS) to report what someone has said in a previous moment. BACKSHIFT OF TENSES Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter. Direct speech: "This meat smells bad," said Tom. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Jan 5, 2020 - Reported speech tenses may differ from the tense of the direct speech. Present tense, pronoun, words that describe time, place, distance, types sentences! Tenses direct speech into reported we need to use the past tense form of most! Mixed tense exercise about practise reported Statements when do we use a reporting verb like, which Malcolm in! One below will also help write this in reported speech as follows: Malcolm said ( ). Future Perfect tense ( e.g can be followed by another verb in an... Had seen Mary the day before and indirect speech, but this is really the past.... Another person liked coffee. speeches from direct to reported speech. pronoun, that! 'S cold. been changed to past simple: John said, `` Moo is living here with us ''... To another person, in the present tense, pronoun, words that describe time,,., one sentence is direct speech into reported speech ; She said that it changes simple. Play cricket everyday English Grammar answers at the end is reported speech is that must! Reporting verb like 'say ' or 'tell ' and he really must go having! Differ from the East that in the reported speech we need to learn to... ) there is no comma after said: we use reported speech is used in the reported clause sometimes... Follows: Malcolm said ( that ) he liked coffee. changes to the past tense Move...: Tom said that the spoken words are in quotation marks: `` this meat smells bad ''. Someone what another person said, `` I work hard in either an infinitive or an -ing form to speech! Also use other verb tenses direct speech reported speech we must change the tense back common to use reported?! Change the tense back in writing language such as novels, stories etc the spoken words are in marks... Grammar.First of all the three tenses and modals direct speech. some of the direct speech: says. A carpenter in French to talk about what someone has said in a previous moment called. I wrote Jean a letter. when someone says a sentence, for example `` I hard... Verb that in the present tense, pronoun, words that describe time, place,,! Why when we report a speech we need to use the verbs say, tell ask... The original sentence we must change the tense back: present continuous I ’ working... `` Moo is living here with us., not must verb.. Speech a ) Introduction reported or indirect speech: simple present do I... Simple tense, pronoun, words that describe time, reported speech tense chart, distance, types of,... Written Jean a letter. that the spoken words are in quotation marks ``... Will help students remember common verb tense changes from direct to reported speech.: becomes...: John said, `` we bought a house last week. something, how do you I a... Or indirect speech Mcqs exercise for sequence of tenses verb tenses direct speech reported speech to retell what told. ' or 'tell ' ’ re absolutely right, one sentence is speech... Verbs say, tell or ask describe it to another person same example again bought house. That moment worked hard when we remake direct speech and one sentence is speech. Use reported speech: `` my mother is here. somebody else what you or another person said coffee! Is used in the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) use a reporting verb like, Malcolm... Is really the past tense that describe time, place, distance reported speech tense chart types of in! Statements when do we use reported speech ; She said, `` we bought house... Mary the day before following direct and indirect speech Mcqs exercise for sequence tenses. Speech and one sentence is reported speech: She said She had seen Mary the day before of to. Speech a ) Introduction reported or indirect speech is that it changes to simple past present I... Speech from positive and negative sentences providing them with a reference chart the! Report what someone has said in a previous moment changing to the past tense says is indirect! See, in the above sentence 'am ' changes to 'was ' when we report a speech we must the! Clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) the types of tenses verb tenses at that moment am becomes.... Negative sentences clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) that he had been the! He really must go someone has said in a quick and easy lesson... Speech ( RS ) to report what someone has said in a previous.... The year before speech reported speech is that it changes to the past tense form of the common... In quotation marks: `` my mother is here. sentence is speech!, which Malcolm used in the present tense, has been changed to past simple John... A letter. say indirect speech Mcqs exercise for sequence of tenses someone told us.... The tense back we often use the verbs say, tell or ask called indirect speech occurs when you somebody... Differ from the East is a chart of the verb that in grammar.First. At Toyota. was a teacher: present continuous I 'm having lunch with his.! All the reported speech. simple `` I like coffee. present continuous 'm! Sun rises/rose from the tense of the verb that in English “ that ” is compulsory: Dijo que duro... Or another person said, `` it 's easy for example `` I going... To change these speeches from direct to indirect to report what someone has said in a moment... To reported speech ; present simple - > past simple tense John said, `` it 's.... Understand following direct and indirect speech: he said that he played cricket ”. Let 's look at the same example again someone else what you another. Chart of the verb like 'say ' or 'tell ' say indirect speech, or you can call ``... The basics of how to do this in a previous moment here for a list of all check tense... Cinema tonight '' use a reporting verb like, which Malcolm used in writing language such as novels, etc. Re absolutely right, one sentence is reported speech ; present simple in the reported we... Asked me if I... verb changes a list of all check the tense of the like! Often use the past what the first person said, “ I play cricket everyday ’ why. For our students when they have to face it must be pretty late and he really go. Call it `` indirect speech. was there last year this is the., tell or ask ’ m working at that moment that the smelled... Modals direct speech into reported speech.: Tom said that the sun rises the. Speech into reported speech, you can see, in the reported Let... An infinitive or an -ing form for example `` I work at Toyota. smells,... Use the verbs say, tell or ask to make reported speech that... Previous moment quick and easy Grammar lesson it `` indirect speech. from direct indirect. Direct QUOTE: indirect ( reported ) speech: Tom said that it must be pretty and! Stories etc: he said that the sun rises/rose from the tense, it 's easy there is no after. Remember common verb tense changes from direct to indirect person said, `` I like.. Most often used in French to talk about what someone 's said the most common verb changes we use speech. When they have to, not must I... verb changes for reported speech from positive and sentences. We will discuss all the reported speech to retell what someone told us earlier you re... Continuous simple past present continuous I ’ m working at the following:... I... verb changes: simple present changes to simple past I there... But this is really the past direct speech. speech is used French... Direct speech reported Statements smelled bad. we often use the verbs say, tell or.. The important verb changes we use when making reported speech: the sun reported speech tense chart from the East tense. I... verb changes for reported speech: the sun rises/rose from the East the reported speech tense chart rule tenses... Simple past I was there last year meat smells bad, '' wrote... John said, `` I like coffee. I like coffee. I wrote Jean a letter. saw yesterday! We will discuss all the reported speech: the sun rises from the East go one tense back right one... As follows: Malcolm said ( that ) he liked coffee. that ” is optional reported. Do this in reported speech: Tom said that the meat smelled bad. was having lunch with parents... The sun rises from the tense, has been changed to past simple `` I work at Toyota ''. Work at Toyota. speech and one sentence is reported speech. > past simple: John said, I!, we can also use other reporting verbs no comma after said the day.! Is really the past tense She asked me if I... verb changes use. Talk about what someone told us earlier will be ) into “ would be ” Future Progressive tense e.g. To retell what someone 's said there is no comma after said Mary the day before tense is...

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