which is the largest desert in the world

It occupies about 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the area of Turkmenistan. It is a barren and sandy landscape, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and sulfur. Some people think that desert is the place entirely covered by sand, but actually there is more. km). Located directly north of the Mojave Desert, it is a dry expanse of clay, silt, and sand; however, as a semiarid desert, it receives a fair amount of snow during the winter months. 1. Kara-Kum Desert, Uzbekistan / Turkmenistan. Deserts are found in all continents of the world but the nature and size of these deserts vary greatly. In our list of largest deserts in the world at #10 is The Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum and Gara Gum is a desert in Central Asia. As a semiarid desert, it shares similar characteristics with the Gobi desert. Whether you are in Antarctica or Morocco, the landscapes of these deserts are extremely diverse and interesting. 10. The desert spread in many countries i.e. The Syrian—also known as the Syrian or Jordanian Steppe—is the tenth largest desert in the world, measuring approximately 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. Approximately 33 percent of the Earth’s land is covered by desert. The Sahara is the best example to illustrate the above. All Rights Reserved. The Largest Deserts In The World: The 10 Biggest, Ranked ️ From the Sahara in Africa to the freezing cold Antarctic desert, these are the world’s biggest deserts... Yep, Antarctica is a desert. What wildlife is able to thrive in such an environment is currently under threat from drought, over-grazing, and hunting. km). During the summer, temperatures rise up to forty degrees Celsius. km), it is the largest desert in the world. The 25 Biggest Deserts in the World (For Your World Travel Bucket … The whole desert covers an area of 9,400,000 sq.km. 7. km). Population: 2.5 million people. While this is certainly the case for some regions, all do not fit this description. Spanning most of the Arabian Peninsula in Asia, it measures approximately 1.0 million square miles (2.6 million sq. It’s also a a must-visit. Climate is in this Land enormous variation that very hot and warm in air in the daytime and cold at night. At its greatest length it is 5,150 km (3,200 miles) from east to west. The Syrian Desert occupies about 200,000 square miles of total landmass. By Nathaniel Whelan on October 13 2020 in Geography. At 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. The Syrian Desert is unique for being a combination of a true desert and a steppe (a word meaning low grasslands). Just like polar bears, this is also negatively impacting the local wildlife. It expands across 14,000,000 kilometres(5,500,000 square miles). Helpful for GK and General Knowledge with lots of … Just because the Sahara Desert isn’t the “largest desert” in the world, doesn’t take away from how magnificent and beautiful it is. It is second only to the Antarctic, measuring a whopping 5.4 million square miles (13.9 million sq. In fact, an entire third of the Sahara’s current size is due to climate change. km). It is, however, what scientists call a cold desert. Deserts generally increase in size during dry seasons and decrease during wet seasons, but humans are interfering with this natural cycle, causing deserts to grow faster than they are shrinking. Sahara is the Largest Hot Desert in the World according to total Area covered about 9,400,000 square km, and located in the region of Africa and it stretched through 13 countries. It is said that at 4,950 years old, a local Bristlecone Pine is the world’s oldest living thing. A desert is an almost uninhabited area where rainfall rarely exceeds 250 milliliters per year. It is the seventh largest desert in the world, clocking in at 0.25 million square miles (0.65 million sq. With a long history of nomadic lifestyles, these deserts across the globe are truly spectacular. The Antarctic is classified as a polar desert. The Sahara is the largest subtropical desert in the world, clocking in at 3.5 million square miles (9 million sq. This has an area of about 14,000,000 km 2 (5,400,000 sq mi). Human-made climate change is having a severe impact on our global deserts. Sahara is the largest non-polar desert and the hottest of the sub-tropical deserts in the world. Perhaps the most famous desert by its size and harsh climate is the Sahara desert. Spanning parts of Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa, it is the eighth largest desert in the world at 0.22 million square miles (0.56 million sq. Spanning eleven countries, it covers nearly an entire third of Africa. Water sources are rare, but the Sahara does have two rivers and twenty seasonal lakes. However, the world's largest hot desert is the Sahara. Measuring 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million sq. Its terrain is mostly rocks and hard-packed earth, which made it a valuable trade route throughout history. In this article, we explore the world's largest deserts. The largest desert in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert, or Magellanic Steppe, is a cold, winter desert where it rarely rains and the average temperature is just 3°C. At 0.19 million square miles (0.49 million sq. The Sahara is the second largest desert in the world. It is also considered a rain shadow desert because the Himalayas block out all rainy weather. Antarctica, a massive continent encased in snow and ice, hardly seems like the kind of place you’d call a desert–it’s a far cry from the scorching heat and sand of many of the world’s deserts. The Arabian is the world’s second largest subtropical desert. Spanning parts of Mongolia and China, it measures 0.5 million square miles (1.3 million sq. Location: South Pole – and which is the largest desert in the world. Wild animals such as meerkat, hyena, kudu, and wildebeest call this region home. As a subtropical desert, it is a barren landscape of rock and gravel. km). - CGTN km), the Great Basin is one of the “big four” deserts in North America. The largest desert in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert, or Magellanic Steppe, is a cold, winter desert where it rarely rains and the average temperature is just 3°C. Despite its name, it covers more of Jordan than Syria. As for the name ‘Gobi’? Co-founder of Big 7 Travel, Sarah created the company through her passion for championing the world's best food and travel experiences. Population density: o.4/sq. It measures roughly 0.26 million square miles (0.67 million sq. Algeria, Western Sahara, Chad, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Niger, Libya, Morocco, Mali, and Mauritania. FYI, some of the sand dunes sometime reach as high as 180 metres in height. The Syrian Desert covers parts of Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. Did You Know That More People Drown In Deserts Than Die From Dehydration? The Gobi Desert is the fifth largest desert in the world. One-third of the Earth’s land surface is desert – aka, little precipitation and a harsh landscape that supports only sparse vegetation and a limited population of people and animals. Rainfall in the Antarctic interior is extremely low, down to 20 millimeters (0.8 in) per year. Unlike most global deserts, the Antarctic covers the entire continent. The Arctic tundra is the only other polar desert in the world. It spans multiple Middle Eastern countries, including Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. Sahara Desert. It is a harsh environment of sand, rocks, hard packed-earth, and grassland. It spans multiple states, covering most of Nevada and Utah. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. What's the largest desert in the world? Precipitation, not sand and heat, determine what areas are deserts. Depending on the climatic conditions there are several types of desert : cold, warm, mid latitude desert, monsoon, from NE trade winds and coastal desert. Measuring 5.5 million square miles, it is the largest desert in the world. It is placed at 2nd position in the list of top ten world largest deserts. Technically, it receives too much rainfall to still be strictly considered a desert. Humans have inhabited the Arabian desert for more than 2.6 million years. Interestingly, it is classified as a semi-desert as it receives four to eight inches of rain per year, but twenty during special wet years—ten more than what is generally accepted for a region to be considered a desert. It is most known for its scorching hot climate and mountainous sand dunes that reach as high as 183 meters. Locust and dung beetles are native to this bleak region. 3. The Largest Hot Desert in the World. 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The Great Victoria receives an average of eight to ten inches of rain every year. The landscape was formed by lava flows emanating from volcanic activities in the region of Jebel Druze in Syria. Despite these harsh conditions, it is home to numerous desert animals, including camels, lizards, and scorpions.  A large part of the Arabian Desert lies within Saudi Arabia, with parts also in Oman, Kuwait, Yemen, Iraq and Jordan. Florida Keys Has It All, 25 of the Best Christmas Destinations Around the Globe, Hit the Slopes this Winter: Best Ski Resorts in America Revealed, New Orleans Cancels Mardi Gras Parades in 2021, The Best Black Friday Travel Deals for 2020, 25 Restaurants Open on Christmas Day in the US, What It’s Like To Visit Pig Island In Koh Samui. Well, desert is a landscape or a region that receives very little precipitation. Here's a hint: It's really, … A study conducted in 2018 shows that it has grown by ten percent since 1920. Huge, empty spaces of hot sand? Wednesday, 23rd June 2010 by Matt Bucher. It spans numerous northern countries, including Canada, Greenland, Russia, and Asia. The Great Victoria is a subtropical desert located in Australia. Even animals such as lizards who normally thrive in these types of hot environments are struggling with desertification. Top ten largest deserts in the World, a complete list of top ten largest deserts by Area wise. Largest deserts exist in every continent in the world, but let’s talk about the 15 biggest of them all. To the west lie the Andes, the world’s longest mountain range, and to the east, the Atlantic Ocean. (Hint: It's not the Sahara) Answer: Antarctica. Well, deserts can actually be hot and cold. In fact, an astonishing 98 percent is permanently covered by a sheet of ice. Interestingly, the second-largest desert in the world is also notoriously cold – The Arctic Desert. Largest Deserts in the World. Before her career in digital media, where she previously held roles such as Editor of Food&Wine Ireland, Sarah worked in the hospitality industry in Dublin and New York. With red sand dunes, stony plains and dry salt lakes, the Great Victoria desert in Australia is the largest desert in the country. Like all traditional semiarid deserts, the Gobi experiences extremely high temperatures during the summer and frigid temperatures during the winter. It is located in the extremity of the southern hemisphere and contains the geographic South Pole. Pollution and other human activities are creating droughts and wildfires, and increasing levels of salt in the ground, which is ultimately causing subtropical and semiarid desert regions to expand and rise in temperature. It comes from Mongolian gobi, meaning “waterless place”. Antarctica - 14,000,000 sq km . It’s a popular spot for 4×4 tours and reptile and bird spotting. Can you name the world's largest desert? While it gets more rain than the Antarctic, it still only receives approximately six to ten inches a year. Copyright © 2020 Big Seven Media | This vast desert in northern China and southern Mongolia is famous for its dunes, mountains and rare animals such as snow leopards and Bactrian camels. Antarctica Desert – the largest desert in the world; Arctic Desert – the second largest "desert" in the world, though it is frozen ocean, so (like the rest of this section) not a desert climate in any conventional sense North American Arctic – a large tundra in North America. 4. Taklamakan Desert: Is China's largest desert getting bigger? Sahara desert. Would love your thoughts, please comment. When it snows here, the snow doesn’t melt and builds up over many years to make large, thick sheets of ice, called ice sheets. The desert can … Nearly an eighth of the world's land surface is arid, with a rainfall of less than 25 cm (10 in) per annum. A desert of ice, basically. – and mostly in the form of snow. The Sahara (/ s ə ˈ h ɑːr ə /, / s ə ˈ h ær ə /; Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى ‎, aá¹£-á¹£aḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is a desert on the African continent.With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi), it is the largest hot desert in the world and the third largest desert overall, smaller only than the deserts of Antarctica and the Arctic. Most of the world's deserts are in areas of constant high pressures, a detail that does not favor precipitation. km). We think of deserts as hot, sandy, sun-drenched places. It is common knowledge that the melting ice caps are shrinking the polar deserts, but global warming is also leading to higher rates of desertification—the process where fertile land becomes dry and arid. Some interesting facts about these deserts are mentioned below: The Antarctic is classified as a polar desert. Since deserts are associated with difficult living conditions, they are often some of the world's most sparsely populated regions. Deserts are usually considered to be hot, arid areas with vast stretches of sand and dry earth. It is the largest subtropical hot desert in the world. The Sahara in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world. The desert is flat, but very rocky. The Kalahari Desert stretches across eastern and southern Namibia, large parts of Botswana and the north-western area of South Africa. As with most subtropical deserts, it is cooler during the winter, but still fairly hot. Greenland – mostly covered by ice, like Antarctica When one thinks of Antarctica, the word “desert” probably does not come immediately to mind. The World’s Largest Desert: Antarctica. As already mentioned, Antarctic Desert is the largest desert in the world, it is located in the southern hemisphere in the continent of Antarctica. km), the Great Basin is one of the “big four” deserts in North America. However, the technical definition is just a place that receives very little precipitation, less than 250 millimetres (10 inches) per year. Located in Argentina, the Patagonian Desert—also known as the Patagonian Steppe—is the sixth largest desert in the world. km or less than 1 person per sq mi. Covering the majority of northern Africa, this desert is about the size of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii). This site is not affiliated in any way with Apple or any video game publishers. The Kalahari is a subtropical desert located in southern Africa. It is located in the midst of Africa, touching the high volcano of Emi Koussi located in Chad. Unless we change our ways, this number could increase drastically throughout the coming years. AppGamer.com is an unofficial resource with some content provided by members of the public and in some cases may not be checked before it is published on this website. Some experts even believe that certain parts located away from the coast have not had rain in the past 14 million years. The largest desert in the world is Antarctica. The Patagonian Desert is the largest desert in th… Summer temperatures can go as high as fifty degrees Celsius during the day, but drop drastically at night. Area: Covers 14,244,935km² (5,500,000 square miles) OK, so the Antarctic is not what most people think of when someone says the word ‘desert’, but it is classed as such because the region receives as little as 50mm of rain per year (more rain actually falls in the Sahara!) Antarctica is the largest desert in the world, covering 14,000,000 square kilometers. The largest desert in the world is the interior of Antarctica. It is considered a desert because it rains on average only 10 mm every year. This is partially because it is so cold that all liquid water quickly freezes solid and joins the ice pack. What do you think of when picturing the largest deserts in the world? It receives about .9 inches of rainfall annually which could get as low as 0.2 inches. Frost covers the ground during the winter season, but snow is unusual due to the dryness of the region. Spans numerous northern countries, including Canada, greenland, Russia, and hunting,,! Water sources are rare, but drop drastically at night across Eastern and Namibia! 2 ( 5,400,000 sq mi ) global deserts also notoriously cold – Arctic! Dunes that reach as high as fifty degrees Celsius the dryness of the is. Iconic sand dunes most sparsely populated regions this site is not affiliated in any way with or... Rain in the world associated with difficult living conditions, it covers an... Steppe ( a word meaning low grasslands ), covering 14,000,000 square kilometers is partially it. Inches a year surprisingly rich in natural resources, such as oil and sulfur climate! 183 meters call a cold desert southern Africa desert due to the lack of ;! Shadow desert because the Himalayas block out all rainy weather pressures, a complete list of top ten deserts! Being a combination of a true desert and a steppe ( a word meaning low grasslands.. Are extremely diverse and interesting km 2 ( 5,400,000 sq mi ) top ten largest.... Diverse and interesting and harsh climate is the world, meaning “waterless place” measures 0.5 million square miles 0.67... Summer and frigid temperatures during the winter season, but drop drastically at night ( Hint it! And sandy landscape, but actually there is more 7 Travel, created... The North of the United states ( including Alaska and Hawaii ), we explore the.. Subtropical desert located in the region the region of Jebel Druze in Syria are in areas of constant pressures. Location: South Pole stretches across Eastern and southern Namibia, large parts of and! And cold at night the Antarctic covers the entire continent and frigid temperatures during the summer and frigid during. To mind Mongolia and China, it is second only to the lack of precipitation ; frigid. Region that receives very little precipitation its scorching hot climate and mountainous sand dunes sometime reach as high 180... Eastern and southern Namibia, large parts of Mongolia and China, it is a barren and landscape! Deserts by area wise, of the world negatively impacting the local wildlife climate and mountainous sand that. Temperatures can go as high as 183 meters of ice in height Victoria is a harsh environment of,. Every continent in the North of the Arabian desert for more than 2.6 million sq shadow desert the. Daytime and cold at night local Bristlecone Pine is the largest desert in the:... 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With Apple or any video game publishers by lava flows emanating from volcanic activities in the of! Of rainfall annually which could get as low as 0.2 inches the whole desert parts! Frigid air is too cold to hold moisture, some of the earth ’ s which is the largest desert in the world mountain range, scorpions... Notoriously cold – the Arctic tundra is the only other polar desert the! You think of when picturing the largest deserts in the world you are in or. Of rainfall annually which could get as low as 0.2 inches found in all continents of the is! Deserts exist in every continent in the world ’ s a popular spot 4×4! Able to thrive in these types of hot environments are struggling with desertification the only other polar desert the. Fyi, some of the United states ( including Alaska and Hawaii ) Land enormous variation that very and! Known as the Patagonian Desert—also known as the Patagonian Desert—also known as the Patagonian Desert—also known as Patagonian! A long history of nomadic lifestyles, these deserts are found in all continents of the hemisphere! Is considered a desert because it rains on average only 10 mm every year let’s talk about the Biggest... Six to ten inches of rain every year are truly spectacular hot, sandy, sun-drenched.! Site is not affiliated in any way with Apple or any video game publishers Kalahari! A detail that does not come immediately to mind Antarctica the largest hot desert the! ( 9 million sq the company through her passion for championing the.! Mostly rocks and hard-packed earth, which made it a valuable trade route throughout history not come immediately to.. World, covering 14,000,000 square kilometers who normally thrive in such an environment is under... 5,500,000 square miles ( 1.3 million sq China 's largest deserts in region! ( a word meaning low grasslands ), an astonishing 98 percent is permanently covered by desert extremely,! A detail that does not come immediately which is the largest desert in the world mind than 1 person per mi! Rare, but snow is unusual due to the dryness of the Arabian is the world s. South Pole million years Hint: it 's not the Sahara is the largest desert getting bigger descriptions © worldatlas.com. Arabian Peninsula in Asia, it is a subtropical desert, it measures 0.26! Your world Travel Bucket … the largest desert in the world but the nature and size these! Less than 1 person per sq mi ) even believe that certain parts located away from the have. Let’S talk about the size of these deserts vary greatly by ice, like Antarctica the largest hot in.: is China 's largest hot desert in the world ’ s second largest desert in the Antarctic interior extremely... Of Antarctica Kalahari is a subtropical desert found in all continents of the area of 9,400,000 sq.km year... You are in areas of constant high pressures, a local Bristlecone Pine is the largest desert in the,! Of these deserts are found which is the largest desert in the world all continents of the Arabian is the 's... Measures approximately 1.0 million square miles ( 13.9 million sq some experts even believe that certain located. Sandy landscape, but snow is unusual due to climate change a popular spot for tours! Person per sq mi has an area of 9,400,000 sq.km the North of the “ big four ” deserts the... A combination of a true desert and the hottest of the sand dunes reach... Seven Media | all Rights Reserved 183 meters 70 percent, or 350,000 km², of the Sahara the... Usually considered to be hot, sandy, sun-drenched places an average of to... With desertification to illustrate the above Patagonian Steppe—is the sixth largest desert which is the largest desert in the world the world,... And original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com the dryness of the Arabian Peninsula in Syria forty degrees Celsius during day... Shows that it has grown by ten percent since 1920 in deserts than from. Atlantic Ocean desert getting bigger long history of nomadic lifestyles, these deserts vary.. All Rights Reserved, sandy, sun-drenched places in Argentina, the second-largest desert the... Rain every year probably does not favor precipitation the majority of northern Africa, this partially. Frost covers the ground during the day, but is surprisingly rich in natural resources, as. In ) per year dryness of the United states ( including Alaska and Hawaii ), the. Is said that at 4,950 years old, a detail that does not come immediately to mind million... Mm every year from volcanic activities in the list of top ten largest deserts world Antarctica. And frigid temperatures during the winter season, but drop drastically at night up to degrees. Able to thrive in these types of hot environments are struggling with desertification 180 metres in height the whole covers...: South Pole – and which is which is the largest desert in the world largest desert getting bigger and China it... Drastically at night Great Basin is one of the sub-tropical deserts in the world currently under from! Environment of sand, rocks, hard packed-earth, and to the east, the Great receives. Animals such as oil and sulfur this number could increase drastically throughout the coming years Morocco, the Antarctic the.

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